Scope of Nursing in India

What is the Scope of Nursing in India 2021

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The range of roles, functions, responsibilities, and activities that registered nurses are educated and authorized to perform is defined as the scope of nursing practice.

The broad scope of nursing practice encompasses all of the roles and activities carried out by registered nurses in order to address the full range of human experiences and responses to health and illness. Health promotion, health protection, health maintenance, health restoration, rehabilitation, and palliation are all included.

Nursing practise is carried out in the following ways:

  • Utilization of nursing knowledge through critical thinking, judgement, and skill. It is expressed as the art of nursing and is based on the principles of nursing, medicine, social and public health sciences.
  • Adoption of a holistic approach to care that addresses clients’ biological, psychological, social, and spiritual needs.
  • By actively involving the client as a partner in all aspects of care, the client’s self-reliance and self-determination are promoted.
  • Nursing theories are used to define and organise practise, as well as the nursing process, in order to assess, diagnose, plan, implement, evaluate, and document client care comprehensively.
  • Adoption of a nursing care delivery model within the agency or practise setting.
  • Collaboration with other members of the health care team and collaboration with various community sectors

Nursing is one of the noblest professions and one of the best fields to work in if you want to help people. Medicine, as one of the most recession-proof industries, provides excellent career prospects and job opportunities for both doctors and nurses.

There was a time when professional nurses had few options for service because nursing was primarily focused on hospitals and bedside nursing. For a variety of reasons, career options are more diverse now. Among the career options are:

Staff Nurses:

Nurses provide direct patient care to a single patient or a group of patients. She is directly accountable to the ward supervisor.

Ward sister or Nursing Supervisor: 

A nurse is in charge of the nursing care management of a ward or unit and reports to the nursing superintendent.

Departmental supervisor/Assistant Nursing Superintendent: 

The nurse is accountable to the nursing superintendent and deputy nursing superintendent for the nursing care management of multiple wards or units. As an example, consider the surgical department.

Deputy Nursing Superintendent:

A nurse who reports to the nursing superintendent and assists with hospital nursing administration.

Nursing Superintendent:

The nursing Superintendent is accountable to the medical superintendent for the safe and efficient management of hospital nursing services.

Director of Nursing:

A nurse is in charge of both nursing services education and patient care in a teaching hospital.

Community Health Nurse (CHN): 

Provides services primarily focused on reproductive child health, health awareness, and hygiene.

Teaching in Nursing: 

The teacher’s functions and responsibilities in nursing include planning, teaching, and supervising students’ learning experiences. Clinical instructors, tutors, and senior tutors are just a few of the positions available in nursing education. Associate Professor, Lecturer, and Professor of Nursing

Industrial Nurse:

Industrial nurses are responsible for first-aid, illness care, health education about industrial hazards, and accident prevention.

Military Nurse: 

Military Nursing services became a part of the Indian Army, which means nurses became commissioned officers with ranks ranging from lieutenant to major general.

Nursing service abroad: 

Attractive salaries and promising professional opportunities have resulted in a significant increase in nursing service in foreign countries.

Nursing service administrative positions:

Administrative positions in the nursing service include the Deputy Director of Nursing / Joint Director of Nursing at the state Health Directorate. The Nursing Advisor to the Government of India is the highest administrative position on a national level.

Types Of Nursing Courses

Type of CourseName of the Course and Duration
Diploma CoursesAuxiliary Nursing & Midwife (ANM)– 1 to 2 years
General Nursing & Midwife (GNM) – 3.5 years
Undergraduate Degree CoursesBachelor of Science in Nursing (B.Sc. Basic) – 4 years
Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.Sc. Post Basic) – 2 years
Post-graduate Degree CoursesMaster of Science in Nursing (M.Sc.) – 2 years
Doctoral CoursesMaster of Science in Nursing (M.Phil Full time) – 1 year

Types of Nurses in highest demand

Types of NursesOperations
Registered nurse (RN)A registered nurse (RN) is a nurse who has completed a nursing program and met the requirements of a country, state, province, or similar government-authorized licensing body to obtain a nursing license. The scope of practice of a registered nurse is determined by legislation and regulated by a professional body or council.
Licensed practical nurse (LPN)In much of the United States and Canada, a licensed practical nurse (LPN) is a nurse who cares for people who are sick, injured, convalescent, or disabled. LPNs in the United States work under the supervision of physicians, mid-level practitioners, and, depending on their jurisdiction, registered nurses.
Travel nurse  Travel nursing is a type of nursing assignment that arose in response to a nursing shortage. This industry provides nurses who travel to work in temporary nursing positions, most of which are in hospitals. While travel nursing traditionally refers to the nursing profession, it can also be used as a catch-all term for nursing and allied healthcare professionals, physicians, advanced practice nurses, physician assistants, dentists, and other support staff such as certified nursing assistants.
 Nurse practitioner (NP)A nurse practitioner (NP) is a type of mid-level practitioner who is an advanced practice registered nurse. Legal jurisdiction determines a nurse practitioner’s scope of practice. Some states require NPs to work under the supervision of a physician, while others allow them to practice independently.
 Intensive care unit (ICU) registered nurseICU nurses or critical care nurses Nurses are highly specialized and trained healthcare professionals who provide nursing care to patients suffering from potentially fatal illnesses or conditions. They provide patients with the specialized experience, knowledge, and skills they require to survive or de-escalate care.
Medical-surgical nurse.Medical-surgical nursing is a nursing specialty that cares for adult patients in a variety of settings. The Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses (AMSN) is a specialty nursing organization dedicated to advancing the careers of medical-surgical nurses.
 Emergency room nurseER nurses care for patients who have suffered trauma, injury, or severe medical conditions and require immediate care. Because these specialists work in crises, they must be able to identify the best way to stabilize patients and minimize pain as quickly as possible.
Nurse case managerCreate and manage the overall long-term health care plan for patients suffering from chronic or serious conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, and heart disease.
 Telemetry nurseTelemetry nurses are specialized nurses who monitor their patient’s cardiac rhythms using remote electronic signals and respond to any changes. Patients with preexisting heart conditions, the elderly, obese patients, diabetics, and transfers from the ICU and ER are the majority of their patients.
Pediatric nurseCardiac nurses, also known as cardiovascular nurses, are often specialized advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) who collaborate with cardiologists and other healthcare providers to provide comprehensive cardiovascular care to patients suffering from acute and chronic heart conditions.

Scope Of Nursing and Salary in India

According to Payscale, a Registered Nurse (RN) in India earns an average annual salary of Rs 298,781 LPA.

A Registered Nurse (RN) with less than one year of experience typically begins their career with a starting salary of Rs 233,151 LPA, which includes bonuses and overtime pay. Registered Nurses can earn a total compensation of 249,994 LPA after four years of experience.

Nurses in their mid-career (5-9 years of experience) earn around Rs 393,132 LPA. Experienced nurses with more than 15 years in the industry earn Rs 496,269 LPA.

The more experience you have in the industry, the more skilled you will become as a Nurse. However, there is a significant difference in nurses grade pay between government and private hospitals.  Typically, government hospitals pay a higher salary package than private hospitals/nursing homes.

Why should you pursue a career in nursing?

Nursing is a significant career option for people who want to help people and make a difference in their profession. A nursing career offers a plethora of opportunities, challenges, and rewards.

  • You will be able to assist people in need.
  • Nursing positions are in high demand.
  • There is plenty of room for expansion.
  • You will be happy at work while earning a good salary.
  • Nursing education can be obtained online.